BioScience.com.pk try the best to avoid the use of medical terms that could make it more difficult to understand the information on this website. Still, there are a number of terms that can't be avoided and that are useful to know because they are so often used by the doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals with whom you might speak. The list below includes the terms used on BioScience.com.pk for which we have provided definitions.
Also known as: Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome
|Senile plaque|| |
Areas of dead nerve cells and protein deposits in the brain
In the clinical laboratory:
Serious infection in which disease-causing organisms are present in the blood, usually resulting from spread of an infection from a specific site
Abnormality resulting as a consequence of a disease, injury or treatment
The liquid portion of blood remaining after a clot forms
|Serum Sickness|| |
An allergic reaction to proteins in a foreign serum, usually in response to an injection; it is characterized by symptoms such as fever, skin rash, pain and swelling in one or more joints, and kidney damage
A condition in which blood flow is inadequate to keep critical organs performing properly; it is often recognized by markedly low blood pressure with evidence of poor function of the brain, kidneys, heart, and/or liver. It is a medical emergency that can lead to serious damage and/or death.
|Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome|| |
Also known as: SDS
|Sideroblastic Anemia|| |
An iron disorder and form of anemia resulting from the inability to incorporate iron into hemoglobin in red blood cells (RBCs); it is characterized by the buildup of iron within developing RBCs resulting in abnormal RBCs called sideroblasts. Since the RBCs cannot develop normally, this condition causes anemia.
Examination of the rectum and lower colon with a rigid or flexible lighted instrument
Evidence of a disease or condition perceived by a physician or person other than the patient
|Somatic Cells|| |
All body cells, except the reproductive cells
In the clinical laboratory:
|Spina bifida|| |
A birth defect in which the bones of the spine do not close around the spinal cord (the continuation of brain tissue that normally is surrounded by the spinal bones); this opening may be covered by skin (also called spina bifida occulta, which means hidden), in which case there may be no or mild symptoms. In other cases, the skin does not cover the defect, allowing the covering of the brain and spinal cord, the meninges, to protrude out through the skin (meningocele) or, in some cases, to rupture, exposing the spinal cord itself (meningomyelocyle). These latter two examples may cause severe damage to the nerves of the legs and lower abdomen, causing paralysis and bowel and bladder malfunction.
Any of a group of spiral-shaped bacteria
An inflammation of the vertebrae
1. Small, usually single-celled reproductive unit of some microorganisms such as fungi.
Viscous material that is derived from the lower air passages such as the lungs and bronchi that may contain substances such as mucus, blood, pus and/or bacteria; it is not the saliva that is produced by the glands in the mouth.
A group of drugs that reduce the production of cholesterol and promote the clearance of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) from the blood by the liver.
|Stem cells|| |
Cells that are able to develop into many (or all) types of cells
A narrowing or constriction of a passageway in the body, such as in a blood vessel or spinal canal
A group of chemicals derived from cholesterol that typically functions as hormones; common types of steroids include sex steroids (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone), glucocorticosteroids (cortisol, prednisone, dexmethasone), and mineralacorticosteroids (aldosterone).
Under the skin
|Suprarenal gland|| |
Also known as: Adrenal Gland
Evidence of a disease or condition experienced or perceived by a patient
Fainting; loss of consciousness
Affecting the body as a whole, rather than individual parts