BioScience.com.pk try the best to avoid the use of medical terms that could make it more difficult to understand the information on this website. Still, there are a number of terms that can't be avoided and that are useful to know because they are so often used by the doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals with whom you might speak. The list below includes the terms used on BioScience.com.pk for which we have provided definitions.
|Paget Disease|| |
1) The most common use of the term refers to a bone disorder in which bone is formed and broken down excessively, resulting in weakened bones. This condition can cause bone pain, deformed bones, arthritis, and numerous fractures.
Pale skin color
An epidemic that occurs over a wide geographic area (across continents)
tumor that releases excess hormones called catecholamines (e.g., dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine and their metabolites, such as metanephrines) and usually occurs somewhere in the abdomen but outside the adrenal glands
Any of a genus (Paramecium) of ciliate chiefly freshwater protozoans that have an elongate body rounded at the anterior end and an oblique funnel-shaped buccal groove bearing the mouth at the extremity.
One of the four major groups of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) that may live freely in nature, live on another organism without harming it, or live at the expense of the host organism
Administration of a substance (e.g., a drug) by injection (under or through the skin) or intravenously but not through the digestive system (not enterally)
numbness, tingling, or prickling; an alteration in sensation
1) Of or pertaining to the cells that line a cavity, such as the chest or abdomen;
|Paroxysmal choreoathetosis|| |
A condition characterized by involuntary, intermittent, and irregular movements of facial muscles and limbs
Organism that causes disease
A physician who diagnoses and characterizes disease by examining a patient’s tissues, blood, and other body fluids. Pathologists work in two broad areas:
Sac-like membrane that surrounds the heart and the base of the blood vessels that lead into it
|Peripheral nervous system|| |
All parts of the nervous system except the brain and spinal cord
Membranes that cover the abdominal cavity and the outside of abdominal organs
Measurement of the acidity or alkalinity of a substance. A pH of 7.0 is neutral. A substance with a pH less than 7.0 is an acid, with increasing acidity as the pH decreases toward zero. Likewise, a substance with a pH greater than 7.0 is a base (alkali), with increasing alkalinity as the pH moves toward 14.0.
The observable physical or biochemical characteristics of a person, as determined by both their genetic makeup and environmental influences
tumor located in one or both of the adrenal glands that releases excess hormones called catecholamines (e.g., dopamine, epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine and their metabolites, such as metanephrines)
A substance in the body that contains both lipid (fat) and phosphorous; phospholipids are found in all cells throughout the body because they are a major component of the cell membrane, the outermost layer of a cell.
|Pituitary gland|| |
Pea-sized gland located in the center of the head behind the sinus cavity at the base of the brain; the pituitary consists of two parts that produce different hormones: 1) in the anterior portion, growth hormone (GH), adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), lutenizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and prolactin (PRL) are produced; 2) in the posterior portion, oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (produced in the hypothalamus) are stored for release.
The organ that connects a pregnant woman with her developing baby in the uterus; blood from the mother and baby do not mix directly, but a thin membrane within the placenta allows nutrients from the mother to pass to the baby and waste products to pass from the baby to the mother for elimination.
1. Deposit on the inner arterial walls in atherosclerosis
Straw-colored, fluid part of blood and lymph
|Plasma cell|| |
Mature lymphocyte (B cell) that produces and secretes antibodies
Also known as: Pleurae (plural)
Also known as: Pleura
An inflammation of the lungs; usually caused by a hypersensitive allergic reaction to repeated exposure to organic particles such as molds, grain dust, and chemicals
Increase in the number of erythrocytes (red cells, RBCs) in the blood
A large molecule consisting of multiple identical or similar chemical units that are linked together
|Polymyalgia Rheumatica|| |
A disease that causes pain and weakness in the neck, shoulder muscles and pelvis, and morning stiffness. It commonly affects people over 50 years of age, especially women.
At or toward the back
1. one that comes before or gives rise to another
Based on reasonable evidence or assumption; based on early, preliminary or partial results
The number of people with a particular disease at any given time in a population
|Preventive Medicine|| |
That branch of medicine concerned primarily with the prevention of disease
|Prion Protein|| |
An infectious agent (not bacteria or virus) that is an irregular form of a normal protein; prion proteins cause a variety of infections, including Mad Cow Disease and Creutzfeld-Jacob disease. Prion proteins are thought to induce normal brain proteins to assume an irregular shape, rendering them dysfunctional.
1) prediction about the course or outcome of a disease or illness
inflammation of the prostate
Also known as: Itch
Also known as: Itch
|Purpura fulminans|| |
Involves severe clotting throughout much of the body, ultimately causing death to the tissues. If not treated immediately, it is a life-threatening condition.