BioScience.com.pk try the best to avoid the use of medical terms that could make it more difficult to understand the information on this website. Still, there are a number of terms that can't be avoided and that are useful to know because they are so often used by the doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals with whom you might speak. The list below includes the terms used on BioScience.com.pk for which we have provided definitions.
Excessive loss of water from the body tissues, often accompanied by imbalance of sodium, potassium, chloride, and other electrolytes
Progressive state of mental decline, especially of memory function and judgment
Any one of the group of fungi that cause infection of the skin, hair, or nails
|Diabetes insipidus|| |
A disorder similar to diabetes mellitus in that it causes symptoms such as increased thirst and increased urine production, but differing in cause, frequency, treatment, and associated complications; diabetes insipidus results from a lack of production of arginine vasopressin (also called antidiuretic hormone or ADH) by the pituitary or a lack of response of the kidneys to ADH, causing an inability of the kidneys to conserve water. It can lead to severe dehydration and high serum sodium if inadequately treated. Diabetes inspididus is a much more rare condition than diabetes mellitus.
Change from an original unspecialized form, to a different more specialized form or function.
Drug that promotes the production and excretion of urine in order to remove excess fluid from the body in, for example, conditions such as congestive heart failure or hypertension
A condition characterized by having pouches (diverticulum) that poke through parts of the colon
|Dominant gene|| |
One of a pair of genes whose action is expressed even when only one copy is present
The use of substances or procedures to improve athletic performance and give an athlete an unfair advantage over other competitors.
|Double contrast barium enema|| |
Also known as: DCBE
Series of x-rays of the colon and rectum; patient is given an enema with a white, chalky solution that outlines the colon and rectum on the x-rays.
Also known as: Digital Rectal Exam
|Dumping syndrome|| |
Symptoms such as nausea, cramping, sweating, and weakness that may occur when the stomach contents are emptied rapidly into the small intestine before being digested; may occur in patients who have had gastric resections or bypass surgery
first part of the small intestine that receives digesting material from the stomach
The production of abnormal fibrinogen
Unhealthy lipid levels
Shortness of breath; labored breathing
Persistent muscle contractions that can cause limb twisting and repetitive motions