Description: Get the pathology knowledge you need, the way you need it, from the name you can trust! Robbins Basic Pathology has helped countless students master the core concepts in pathology. This 8th Edition continues that tradition, providing outstanding, user-friendly coverage of the latest information in the field. Clinicopathologic correlations highlight the relationships between basic science and clinical medicine, while state-of-the-art gross and photomicrographic illustrations help you understand complex principles. What's more, access to the complete contents online at www.studentconsult.com enables you to study more powerfully than ever before!
  • Get a rich understanding of all essential pathology concepts with expert guidance from an all-star editorial team.
  • Grasp the connections between basic science and clinical medicine with clinicopathologic correlations throughout.
  • Master complex principles visually with the aid of more than 1,000 high-quality, full-color illustrations, photographs, and photomicrographs.
  • Understand all the key points with NEW Summary Boxes in every chapter.
  • Access the complete contents of the book online at www.studentconsult.com, anywhere you go...perform quick searches...add your own notes and bookmarks...follow Integration Links to related bonus content from other STUDENT CONSULT titles...and reference all of other STUDENT CONSULT titles you own online, too-all in one place!
  • Summary boxes highlight key information throughout each chapter.
  • Illustrations have been improved and simplified throughout providing improved visual clarification of important concepts.
  • A plethora of extras available on Student Consult including self assessment questions, Pathology case studies and Virtual Microscope functionality for most of the high quality photomicrographs
  • Valuable Instructor teaching resources on EVOLVE including all of the images from the book and a test bank with page references to the text.

Additional Info

  • File Name Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Edition
  • Edition 8th
  • Year 2007
  • Author(s) Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Nelson Fausto, Richard Mitchell
  • ISBN-10 1416029737
  • ISBN-13 978-1416029731
  • Size 228 MB
  • File Format .rar/.chm
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: Katzung Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Lange - 12th Edition by J.K

Additional Info

  • File Name Katzung Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Lange, 10th Edition
  • Edition 12th
  • Year 2006
  • Author(s) J.K
  • ISBN-10 0071764011
  • ISBN-13 978-0071764018
  • Publisher McGraw-Hill Medical
  • Size 14.9 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: The twelfth edition of Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology continues this best-selling title's long tradition as one of the world's favorite physiology textbooks. The immense success of this book is due to its description of complex physiologic principles in language that is easy to read and understand. Now with an improved color art program, thorough updates reflecting today's medicine and science, and accessible online at Student Consult, this textbook is an excellent source for mastering essential human physiology knowledge.
  • Learn and remember vital concepts easily thanks to short, easy-to-read, masterfully edited chapters and a user-friendly full-color design.
  • See core concepts applied to real-life situations with clinical vignettes throughout the text.
  • Discover the newest in physiology with updates that reflect the latest advances in molecular biology, cardiovascular, neurophysiology, and gastrointestinal topics.
  • Visualize physiologic principles clearly with over 1000 bold, full-color drawings and diagrams.
  • Distinguish core concepts from more in-depth material with a layout that uses gray shading to clearly differentiate between "need-to-know" and "nice-to-know" information.
  • Access the complete contents online at Student Consult along with bonus resources such as image banks, self-assessment questions, physiology animations, and more!
This new edition continues the long tradition of "Guyton" as one of the world's favorite physiology textbooks.

Additional Info

  • File Name Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology - 12th Edition
  • Edition 12th
  • Year 2010
  • Author(s) John E. Hall
  • ISBN-10 1416045740
  • ISBN-13 978-1416045748
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Tuesday, 03 May 2016 20:43

Lucy (Australopithecus)

Written by

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Lucy (Australopithecus), which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (view authors). wikipedia.org

Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1, several hundred pieces of bone fossils representing 40 percent of the skeleton of a female of the hominin species Australopithecus afarensis. In Ethiopia, the assembly is also known as Dinkinesh, which means "you are marvelous" in the Amharic language. Lucy was discovered in 1974 near the village Hadar in the Awash Valley of the Afar Triangle in Ethiopia by paleoanthropologist Donald Johanson.

The Lucy specimen is an early australopithecine and is dated to about 3.2 million years ago. The skeleton presents a small skull akin to that of non-hominin apes, plus evidence of a walking-gait that was bipedal and upright, akin to that of humans (and other hominins); this combination supports the view of human evolution that bipedalism preceded increase in brain size.

"Lucy" acquired her name from the song "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" by the Beatles, which was played loudly and repeatedly in the expedition camp all evening after the excavation team's first day of work on the recovery site. After public announcement of the discovery, Lucy captured much public interest, becoming almost a household name at the time.

Lucy became famous worldwide, and the story of her discovery and reconstruction was published in a book by Johanson. Beginning in 2007, the fossil assembly and associated artifacts were exhibited publicly in an extended six-year tour of the United States; the exhibition was called Lucy’s Legacy: The Hidden Treasures of Ethiopia. There was discussion of the risks of damage to the unique fossils, and other museums preferred to display casts of the fossil assembly.[5] The original fossils were returned to Ethiopia in 2013, and subsequent exhibitions have used casts.

Description: Widely praised for its clear and consistent organization, abundant illustrations, and emphasis on clinical applications, Clinical Anatomy by Regions delivers the user-friendly features and expert perspectives that have made the textbook one of the top teaching and learning resources for those seeking insights into the practical application of anatomy.

Ideal for medical, dental, allied health, and nursing programs, this book guides students through the fundamentals of human anatomy, explaining the how and why behind each structure, and offering readers the hands-on guidance they need to make sound clinical choices.


Organized by body region from surface to deep structures, this new edition features:
  • Updated design and layout allowing for a shorter, more focused text
  • Enhanced color illustrations and art program to facilitate visual learning
  • Basic Clinical Anatomy sections with essential information on gross anatomic structures of clinical significance
  • Chapter Objectives that focus students on material most important to their preparedness for the patient encounter
  • Clinical Notes highlighting the clinical importance of anatomical information
  • Embryologic Notes with insight on developmental anatomy
  • Numerous examples of clinical images to support the text
  • Surface Anatomy sections explaining surface landmarks of important structures
  • Online E-Book and Interactive Question Bank
 

Additional Info

  • File Name Clinical Anatomy by Regions - 9th Edition
  • Edition 9th
  • Year 2011
  • Author(s) Richard S. Snell MD PhD
  • ISBN-10 160913446X
  • ISBN-13 978-1609134464
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: It didn't take long for students around the world to realize that anatomy texts just don't get any better than Gray's Anatomy for Students. Only in its 2nd edition, this already popular, clinically focused reference has moved far ahead of the competition and is highly recommended by anyone who uses it. A team of authors with a wealth of diverse teaching and clinical experience has updated and revised this new edition to efficiently cover what you're learning in contemporary anatomy classes. An improved format, updated clinical material, and remarkable artwork by award-winning illustrators Richard Tibbitts and Paul Richardson make anatomy easier than ever for you to master. Unique coverage of surface anatomy, correlative diagnostic images, and clinical case studies demonstrate practical applications of anatomical concepts. And, an international advisory board, comprised of more than 100 instructors, ensures that the material is accurate, up to date, and easy to use. To further enhance your learning experience, you'll have access to the entire book online, with additional content, interactive exercises, and more. Take your Anatomy learning even further with other members of the Gray's 'family' - Gray's Atlas of Anatomy, Dorland's/Gray's Pocket Atlas of Anatomy, Gray's Dissection Guide for Human Anatomy, and the new edition of Gray's Anatomy for Students Flash Cards.

Additional Info

  • File Name Gray's Anatomy for Students - 2nd Edition
  • Edition 2nd
  • Year 2009
  • Author(s) Richard Drake PhD FAAA, A. Wayne Vogl PhD FAAA, Adam W. M. Mitchell FRCS
  • ISBN-10 0443069522
  • ISBN-13 978-0443069529
  • Size 96.9 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: The Theory and Practice of Industrial Pharmacy by Lachman.

Additional Info

  • File Name The Theory and Practice of Industrial Pharmacy
  • Edition 3rd
  • Year 2010
  • Author(s) Lachman and Lieberman
  • ISBN-10 8123916795
  • ISBN-13 978-8123916798
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk

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Description: 5 STAR DOODY'S REVIEW!
"...the most authoritative and trusted source of pharmacological information, has now spawned a portable pocket drug guide....This manual extracts the essential core drug information from the eleventh edition of the parent book, referring the reader to the online version of the parent book for historical aspects, many chemical and clinical details, and additional figures and references. This makes G & G a very useful book. This will be of use to individuals in training or practice in the fields of pharmacy, medicine, nursing, or allied health disciplines where knowledge of drug actions are important....Each chapter provides the core essential information provided in the parent book in a very readable format. Readers can use this easy to handle and read manual for essential information along with the online version of the parent book as a reference for more in-depth specific information on drugs."--Doody's Review Service

The Goodman & Gilman Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics offers the renowned content of Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Eleventh Edition, condensed into an ultra-handy, streamlined reference.

More than just a pocket drug guide, this indispensable resource offers:

  • A carry-along source of essential fundamental information, with all the authority of Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, Eleventh Edition 
  • The benefits of the world's leading pharmacology text in a convenient, portable format
  • Comprehensive, yet streamlined and clinically relevant coverage of the pharmacological basis of therapeutics
  • High-yield overview of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and the foundations of pharmacology
  • Expert insights into the properties, mechanisms, and uses of all the major drug classes
  • Considerations of vital patient-specific issues

Additional Info

  • File Name Goodman and Gilman's Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • Edition 11th
  • Year 2007
  • Author(s) Laurence Brunton, Donald Bluementhal, Iain Buxton, Keith Parker
  • ISBN-10 0071443436
  • ISBN-13 978-0071443432
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: A brief, to-the-point presentation of the foremost details in clinical physiology. allows the reader to ascertain cardio-pulmonary-renal physiology furthermore as immunologyand different areas as a transparent abstract whole.

Additional Info

  • File Name Clinical Physiology Made Ridiculously Simple by Stephen Goldberg, M.D.
  • Edition 2nd
  • Year 2010
  • Author(s) Stephen Goldberg, M.D.
  • ISBN-10 0940780941
  • ISBN-13 978-0940780941
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: The primary emphasis of this book is on the application and understanding of concepts. Basic theoretical discussions of the principles of biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics are provided, along with illustrative examples and practice problems and solutions to help the student gain skill in practical problem solving.

Additional Info

  • File Name Applied Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics, 5th Edition
  • Edition 5th
  • Year 2004
  • Author(s) Leon Shargel, Susanna Wu-Pong, Andrew B.C. YuR
  • ISBN-10 0071375503
  • ISBN-13 978-0071375504
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: An internationally acclaimed reference work recognized as one of the most authoritative and comprehensive sources of information on excipients used in pharmaceutical formulation with this new edition providing 340 excipient monographs. Incorporates information on the uses, and chemical and physical properties of excipients systematically collated from a variety of international sources including: pharmacopeias, patents, primary and secondary literature, websites, and manufacturers' data; extensive data provided on the applications, licensing, and safety of excipients; comprehensively cross-referenced and indexed, with many additional excipients described as related substances and an international supplier's directory and detailed information on trade names and specific grades or types of excipients commercially available.

Additional Info

  • File Name Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients, 6th Edition
  • Edition 6th
  • Year 2009
  • Author(s) Raymond C Rowe, Paul J Sheskey, Marian E Quinn
  • ISBN-10 0853697922
  • ISBN-13 978-0853697923
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: Lippincott’s Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry is the long-established first-and best resource for the essentials of biochemistry. Students rely on this text to help them quickly review, assimilate, and integrate large amounts of critical and complex information. For more than two decades, faculty and students have praised LIR Biochemistry’s matchless illustrations that make concepts come to life.

Additional Info

  • File Name Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews Biochemistry, 5th Edition by Pamela C. Champe
  • Edition 5th
  • Year 2011
  • Author(s) Pamela C. Champe
  • ISBN-10 1451175620
  • ISBN-13 978-1451175622
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: The most trusted textbook in medicine -- featuring the acclaimed Harrison's DVD with 57 additional chapters and exclusive video and tutorials

Now presented in TWO VOLUMES

Extensively revised and expanded by the world’s leading physicians, Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e continues to set the standard as the pinnacle of current medical knowledge and practice, offering the definitive review of disease mechanisms and management.
 
CURRENT
All chapters have been completely updated to reflect the latest knowledge and evidence, and important new chapters have been added, including: "Systems Biology in Health andDisease," "The Human Microbiome," "The Biology of Aging," and "Neuropsychiatric Illnesses in War Veterans.
 
CONNECTED
Harrison's covers more global aspects of medicine than any other textbook, and features such chapters as "Global Issues in Medicine," by Jim Yong Kim, Paul Farmer, and Joseph Rhatigan, and new to the 18th edition, "Primary Care in Low and Middle Income Countries."
 
COMPREHENSIVE
No other resource delivers coverage of disease mechanisms and management like Harrison's, including world-renowned chapters on HIV/AIDS, STEMI and non-STEMI myocardial infarction, cancer biology, multiple sclerosis, and diabetes.
 
The Harrison’s Multi-Media DVD— Better Than Ever!
The Harrison’s DVD has been expanded to include an extensive video demonstration ofthe neurological physical examination, and video tutorials on how to perform essential clinical procedures, including:
  • Thoracentesis
  • Abdominal Paracentesis
  • Endotracheal Intubation
 
 57 additional chapters and more than 2,000 images make the companion DVD an essential part of every physician's education, practice, and lifelong learning.The DVD also features PowerPoint presentations from fifty chapters to facilitate classroom lectures, and a free trial subscription to AccessMedicine.com (including Harrison's Online).
 
Harrison’s 18e is proud to present a tribute to longtime editor, Eugene Braunwald, MDfor his outstanding and continuing contributions to medical knowledge and practice.
 
 
About the Editors
 
Dan L. Longo, MD,
Lecturer, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Senior Physician, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Deputy Editor, New England Journal of Medicine
Boston, MA
Adjunct Investigator, National Institute of Aging
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, MD
Dennis L. Kasper, MD
William Ellery Channing Professor of Medicine
Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
Harvard Medical School
Director, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, MA
J. Larry Jameson, MD, PhD
Robert G. Dunlap Professor of Medicine
Dean, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Executive Vice-President of the University of
Pennsylvania for the Health System
Philadelphia, PA
Anthony S. Fauci, MD
Chief, Laboratory of Immunoregulation
Director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious
Diseases, National Institute of Health
Bethesda, MD
Stephen L. Hauser, MD
Robert A. Fishman Distinguished Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurology
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, CA
Joseph Loscalzo, MD, PhD
Hersey Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Chairman,Department of Medicine
Physician-in-Chief, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, MA

Additional Info

  • File Name Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18th Edition
  • Edition 18th
  • Year 2012
  • Author(s) Dan Longo, Anthony Fauci, Dennis Kasper, Stephen Hauser, J. Jameson, Joseph Loscalzo
  • ISBN-10 007174889X
  • ISBN-13 978-0071748896
  • Size 0 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
Description: The most influential and frequently cited pathology classic is now in its Fifth Edition, with thoroughly revised chapters and over 3,000 brand-new full-color illustrations. This two-volume work provides comprehensive, current information on the principles and techniques of cytopathology and the cytologic evaluation of benign and malignant disorders at every anatomic site.
This edition provides greatly expanded coverage of the interpretation of aspirated cell samples. Innovations in the practice of cytopathology and data on molecular biology and cytogenetics have been incorporated into the organ system chapters. This edition also has a greater focus on avoiding diagnostic errors. A bound-in image bank DVD is included in this edition.

Additional Info

  • File Name Koss' Diagnostic Cytology And Its Histopathologic Bases, 5th Ed. 2005, (TEXTBOOK)
  • Edition 5th
  • Year 2005
  • Editor(s) Leopold G. Koss MD, Myron R. Melamed MD
  • ISBN-10 0781719283
  • ISBN-13 978-0781719285
  • Publisher LWW; Fifth edition (Sep 20, 2005)
  • Size 485 MB
  • File Format .rar/.chm
  • Password bioscience.pk

This method conceived and formulated by Stott and Lewis in 1995. This method is much similar in principle to the now outdated Tallqvist method. Positive technical changes have been made to improve the validity, accuracy and reliability. This method is simple, swift, reliable and inexpensive. This method is reliable and trustworthy within 1 gram/dl for diagnosis of anemia. The World Health Organization (WHO) Hemoglobin Color Scale consists of a printed set of colors corresponding to the hemoglobin value from 4 to 14 grams/dl. On a strip of chromatography paper, a drop of blood is placed and then the developed color is matched visually against the printed color scale. Research has proven that performance is greater than 90% in detecting anemia and 86% in classifying the grade of anemia. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed hemoglobin color scale after extensive and vast field trails. It is mainly planned for the detection, treatment and control of anemia in under-resourced countries. It is especially use for the screening of blood donors, for screening women and children in health scheme, examine iron therapy, selection-making concerning referral to a hospital, and as a point of care tool.

Description: Clinical Anatomy Made Ridiculously Simple pdf Edition 3 by Stephen Goldberg

Additional Info

  • File Name Clinical Anatomy Made Ridiculously Simple pdf Edition 3 by Stephen Goldberg
  • Edition 3rd
  • Year 2012
  • Author(s) Stephen Goldberg
  • ISBN-10 0940780798
  • ISBN-13 978-0940780798
  • Publisher MedMaster Inc.; 3rd edition (January 1, 2007)
  • Size 57.5 MB
  • File Format .pdf
  • Password bioscience.pk
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