Microbiology

Antibiotics saved thousands of people in 1950s and 1960s. But for decades these antibiotics show…
Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) It is also known as Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD). It is…
There are certain bacteria which cannot be stained by Gram's method. In 1882, Paul Ehrlich…
In 1883 (originally published in 1884), Dr. Hans Christian Gram (1853-1938) developed a technique for…
The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) caused by coronavirus which has a large family of…
“Gut flora is a complex community of organisms that inhabit human and animal digestive system”.…
CHOLERA is a specific infectious disease that affects the lower portion of the intestine and…
Routine care and proper maintenance of microscope will ensure good performance over the years. In…
The microscope is the most important piece of equipment in the clinic laboratory. The microscope…
What is Kohler illumination? Kohler illumination is a method of adjusting a microscope in order…
One family of superbugs, known as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae or CRE, may be spreading more widely…
Objective: To test organism's ability to tolerate various osmotic concentrations. Test Procedure1. Use a sterile…
Objective: To test the organism's susceptibility to antibiotic penicillin. Test Procedure and Interpretation: See the…
Objective: To determine the organism's oxygen requirement. Test Procedure1. Inoculate 5 ml of BHI broth…
Objective: To determine the presence of the oxidase enzymes (e.g. cytochrome c oxidase). Test Procedure…
Objective: To test an organism's susceptibility to the chemical, optochin. Optochin susceptibility tests the fragility…
Objective: To test an organism's susceptibility to the antibiotic novobiocin. Test Procedure1. Streak a BHI…
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