Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) It is also known as Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD). It is defined as the amount of oxygen consumed during the process of degradation and eventual stabilization…
There are certain bacteria which cannot be stained by Gram's method. In 1882, Paul Ehrlich developed a method of staining such type of bacteria. This method was named, and still…
In 1883 (originally published in 1884), Dr. Hans Christian Gram (1853-1938) developed a technique for the classification of bacteria into two broad groups, Gram-positive and Gram-negative. It is the most…
The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) caused by coronavirus which has a large family of virus. This viral disease first identified in September 2012 in Saudi Arabia. This virus can…
Have you ever listened about the “Second Brain”? Yes, you have! whenever you are told to trust your gut instinct. This brain and gut connection is not just metaphorical. An…
CHOLERA is a specific infectious disease that affects the lower portion of the intestine and is characterized by violent purging, vomiting, muscular cramp, suppression of urine and rapid collapse. It…
Routine care and proper maintenance of microscope will ensure good performance over the years. In addition to this, a properly maintained and clean microscope will always be ready for use…
The microscope is the most important piece of equipment in the clinic laboratory. The microscope is used to review fecal, urine, blood, and cytology samples on a daily basis (see…
What is Kohler illumination? Kohler illumination is a method of adjusting a microscope in order to provide optimal illumination by focusing the light on the specimen. When a microscope is…
One family of superbugs, known as carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae or CRE, may be spreading more widely than previously thought, according to a study published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the…
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