Prediabetes is a state in which plasma glucose level is higher than normal but not high enough for the diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus (DM).
In long-standing Diabetes Mellitus (DM) of both types, a wide variety of lesions develop in many organs, which are important causes of morbidity and mortality.
Insulin is the major hormone regulating blood glucose level. Insulin is synthesized by β cells of pancreas as preproinsulin, which is rapidly converted to proinsulin. Proinsulin is a single chain…
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic group of disorders characterized by persistent hyperglycemia due to deficiency and/or diminished effectiveness of insulin. There are derangements of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism
Diabetes is epidemic; there is barely any family left that does not have a member diagnosed with diabetes. In urban areas, almost one-tenth of people have diabetes, and at least…

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