Dayyal Dg.

BIOSCIENCE member since 2018-08-01 17:27:24

Clinical laboratory professional specialized to external quality assessment (proficiency testing) schemes for Laboratory medicine and clinical pathology. Author/Writer/Blogger

Dayyal Dg.
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Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Clinical Pathology
Tuesday, 31 July 2018 07:00

Serum Albumin Test: Purpose, Procedure, and Normal Values

Why is this test performed? This test is evaluated in different conditions and diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, liver diseases, kidney diseases, in a patient suspected of malnutrition, and patients severe burn. See also: Procedures for the collection of blood for hemotological investigations. Collection of sample For the estimation of…

  • Pathology
  • Pathology Notes
  • Article
  • How to
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Lab Test
  • Lab Test Procedure
Read 2065 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Clinical Pathology
Monday, 30 July 2018 11:10

Adrenal Gland Hormones and Interpretation

Why is this test performed? This hormone test is evaluated in different conditions, such as Hyperaldosteronism, Cushing's syndrome and Virilizing syndrome. Lab tests for various adrenal abnormalities Primary Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison's disease): This is due to the diseases of the gland. Level of sodium in serum is low. Cortisol level…

  • Article
  • Adrenal Gland Hormones
  • Pathology
  • Pathology Notes
  • Clinical Pathology
Read 1589 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Microbiology
Monday, 11 June 2018 14:18

Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD): Wastewater Treatment Methods for the Reduction of BOD

Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) It is also known as Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD). It is defined as the amount of oxygen consumed during the process of degradation and eventual stabilization of unstable organic substances by the biochemical activities of aerobic and other microbes. This degradation of the chemical complex is…

  • Biological Oxygen Demand
  • Biochemical Oxygen Demand
  • BOD
  • Wastewater treatment
  • BOD Reduction Methods
  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology Notes
  • Article
Read 2156 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Microbiology
Thursday, 07 June 2018 18:40

Acid-Fast Staining: Purpose, Principle, Procedure and Observation

There are certain bacteria which cannot be stained by Gram's method. In 1882, Paul Ehrlich developed a method of staining such type of bacteria. This method was named, and still known as acid-fast staining and the bacteria were named as acid-fast bacteria. In the same year, Ehrlich's method was improved…

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology Notes
  • Article
  • Staining Technique
  • Tuberculosis
Read 2899 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Microbiology
Wednesday, 06 June 2018 21:17

Gram Staining: Purpose, Principle, Procedure and Observation

In 1883 (originally published in 1884), Dr. Hans Christian Gram (1853-1938) developed a technique for the classification of bacteria into two broad groups, Gram-positive and Gram-negative. It is the most important staining technique for the classification and differentiation of bacteria. The Gram stain consist of four reagents; crystal violet (use…

  • Article
  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology Notes
  • Gram Staining Procedure
  • Gram Stain
  • Gram Stain Principle
  • Staining Technique
Read 4646 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Clinical Pathology
Monday, 21 May 2018 11:12

EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM

Sputum examination refers to the laboratory examination or test of the material or substance coughed out from the lungs, bronchi, trachea, and larynx. Normally, sputum is mainly composed of mucus and also certain cellular and non-cellular components of host origin. During expectoration, sputum gets contaminated with normal bacterial flora and…

  • Pathology
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Laboratory
  • Lab Test
  • Sputum Test Procedure
  • Examination of Sputum
  • Microscopic Examination of Sputum
  • Bacteria in Sputum
  • Sputum Culture Procedure
  • Tuberculosis
Read 7139 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Clinical Pathology
Friday, 18 May 2018 12:33

EXAMINATION OF STOOL

Waste products discharged from the digestive tract are composed of up to 75% water, food which is digested but not absorbed, indigestible residue, undigested food, epithelial cells, bile, bacteria, secretion from the digestive tract and inorganic bacteria. Normally an adult human excretes 100-200 grams of feces in a day. Examination…

  • Article
  • Stool Examination
  • Pathology
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Laboratory Technician
  • Laboratory
  • Laboratory Technique
  • Lab Test
  • Examination of Feces
  • Rotavirus
  • Diarrhea
  • Dysentery
Read 2280 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Clinical Pathology
Wednesday, 02 May 2018 12:59

Diagnosis of Acute Myelocytic Leukemia (AML) and Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)

Leukemia is a malignant clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by the rapid increase in the number of blast cells in the bone marrow and rapidly progressive fatal course if untreated. Acute leukemia (AL) are primary disorders of the bone marrow, also known as blood cancer.

  • Article
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Pathology
  • AML
  • ALL
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Acute Myelocytic Leukemia
  • Diagnosis of Acute Myelocytic Leukemia
  • Diagnosis of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Lab Test
  • Blood Smear
Read 3624 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Clinical Pathology
Tuesday, 01 May 2018 07:07

Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT), Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT), Prothrombin Time (PT) and INR

Why are these tests performed? These tests are performed for the diagnosis of bleeding disorders. APTT is performed to distinguished the functionality of the clotting factors I, II, V, VII, IX, X, XI, and XII. APTT is used to check the treatment of the patient taking heparin or other medicine…

  • Article
  • Clinical Pathology
  • Lab Test
  • Bleeding Disorders
  • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time
  • Partial Thromboplastin Time
  • Prothrombin Time
  • INR
Read 3058 times
Dayyal Dg.
Dayyal Dg. in Clinical Pathology
Saturday, 28 April 2018 14:06

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

Why is this test performed? This hormone test is evaluated in different conditions, such as Adrenal insufficiency, in Acromegaly and Cushing Syndrome. In Addison's disease, the level of Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is noted more than 1000 pg/ml. In Adrenal carcinoma, Adenoma, and Adrenocortical insufficiency, the level of Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) decreases.…

  • Article
  • Clinical Pathology
  • ACTH
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Laboratory
  • Laboratory Test Procedure
  • Lab Test
Read 1765 times
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