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CLASSIFICATION OF AMPHIBIA
Published: Friday, 30 June 2017
Updated: Friday, 30 June 2017 14:08
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Alytes (Mid wife toad)
Order 1. Anura - (Frogs and Toads)
Order 2. Urodela - (Salamanders)
Order 3. Apoda - (Limbless amphibians)
Order 1. Anura
This order Anura includes frogs and toads.
They can live in water and on land.
The fore limbs are small, the hind limbs are long.
In the adult
tail is absent stage They show a pair of eyes. tympanic membranes.
Their Life history includes a larval stage called tad-pole larva.
Eg: 1. Alytes (Mid wife toad), 2. Cacopus (Burrowing frog), 3. Xenopus (Clawed Toad), 4. Bufo.
Order 2. Urodela
This order includes Salamandars and newts. These urodelans are more in North America. Hence North America is called Head Quarters of Urodela
The body is divisible into head, trunk and tail. Only In these amphibians tail is present. Hence these are called Urodela.
The fore limbs and hind limbs are equal.
The body’s not covered by scales.
In some adults the gills are presents
Some forms show neoteny and paedogenesis. In North India only one species is available. Tilototriton venvcosa. In South India urodelan animals are absent.
Eg: 1. Necturus, 2. Proteus (Mud puppy), 3. Molge (Newt), 4. Amblystoma
Order 3. Apoda
These animals are limbless. Hence they me called Apoda.
The body is long and snake like. Hence it Is called gymnophiona. The body is divisible into head and hunk. Tail is absent
On the head two eyes are present. They covered by skin and scales. Hence they are blind (Cecaelians).
Lungs are asymetrical.
The skin shows minute cycloid scales. in the male apoda animals copulatory
present. organs Fertilization is internal.
Eg: 1. lchthyophis (Limbless amphibian), 2. Gegenophis (Limbless amphibian), 3. Ureotyphlus.
End of the article