Clinical Pathology

Semen (or seminal fluid) is a fluid that is emitted from the male genital tract…
Monday, 14 August 2017 20:44

SPERM FUNCTION TESTS OR FUNCTIONAL ASSAYS

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These tests are available only in specialized andrology laboratories. The tests are not standardized thus…
ANTISPERM ANTIBODIES The role of antisperm antibodies in causation of male infertility is controversial. The…
The most important test in semen analysis for infertility is microscopic examination of the semen.
Biochemical markers (Table 831.1) can be measured in semen to test the secretions of accessory…
Examination is carried out after liquefaction of semen that occurs usually within 20-30 minutes of…
Saturday, 12 August 2017 21:34

TESTS FOR DETECTION OF BLOOD IN URINE

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1. MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF URINARY SEDIMENT Definition of microscopic hematuria is presence of 3 or…
Thursday, 10 August 2017 18:29

CHEMICAL EXAMINATION OF URINE

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The chemical examination is carried out for substances in urine are listed below: Proteins Glucose…
Wednesday, 09 August 2017 19:57

MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF URINE

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Microscopic examination of urine is also called as the “liquid biopsy of the urinary tract”.
Wednesday, 09 August 2017 19:34

TEST FOR DETECTION OF BILE SALTS IN URINE

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Bile salts are salts of four different types of bile acids: cholic, deoxycholic, chenodeoxycholic, and…
Wednesday, 09 August 2017 07:21

TEST FOR DETECTION OF BILIRUBIN IN URINE

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Bilirubin is converted to non-reactive biliverdin on exposure to light (daylight or fluorescent light) and…
Monday, 07 August 2017 13:11

TESTS FOR DETECTION OF KETONES IN URINE

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The proportion of ketone bodies in urine in ketosis is variable: β-hydroxybutyric acid 78%, acetoacetic…
Monday, 07 August 2017 08:36

TESTS FOR DETECTION OF PROTEINURIA

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1. HEAT AND ACETIC ACID TEST (BOILING TEST)   This test is based on the…
Saturday, 05 August 2017 18:28

TESTS FOR DETECTION OF GLUCOSE IN URINE

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1. COPPER REDUCTION METHODS A. Benedict’s qualitative test: When urine is boiled in Benedict’s qualitative…
Saturday, 05 August 2017 12:22

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION OF URINE

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The parameters to be examined on physical examination of urine are listed below. Volume Color…
Saturday, 05 August 2017 10:23

TEST FOR DETECTION OF UROBILINOGEN IN URINE

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Fresh urine sample should be used because on standing urobilinogen is converted to urobilin, which…
Thursday, 03 August 2017 13:15

LABORATORY TESTS IN PORPHYRIAS

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Porphyrias (from Greek porphura meaning purple pigment; the name is probably derived from purple discoloration…
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