Clinical Pathology

Gastric intubation for gastric analysis is contraindicated in esophageal stricture or varices, active nasopharyngeal disease,…
Hollander’s test (Insulin hypoglycemia test): In the past, this test was used for confirmation of…
In gastric analysis, amount of acid secreted by the stomach is determined on aspirated gastric…
To assess gastric acid secretion, acid output from the stomach is measured in a fasting…
Microscopic examinations done on fecal sample are shown in Figure 846.1. Collection of Specimen for…
Chemical examination of feces is usually carried out for the following tests (Figure 845.1): Occult…
Tests to Assess Proximal Tubular Function Renal tubules efficiently reabsorb 99% of the glomerular filtrate…
Normally, a very small amount of albumin is excreted in urine. The earliest evidence of…
Two biochemical parameters are commonly used to assess renal function: blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and…
Glomerular filtration rate refers to the rate in ml/min at which a substance is cleared…
Renal biopsy refers to obtaining a small piece of kidney tissue for microscopic examination. Percutaneous…
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic group of disorders characterized by persistent hyperglycemia due to…
Pregnancy tests detect human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in serum or urine. Although pregnancy is the…
Semen (or seminal fluid) is a fluid that is emitted from the male genital tract…
These tests are available only in specialized andrology laboratories. The tests are not standardized thus…
ANTISPERM ANTIBODIES The role of antisperm antibodies in causation of male infertility is controversial. The…
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