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Agricultural impact of climate change 'could kill over 500,000 people in 2050'

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Published: Wednesday, 02 March 2016
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Researchers behind a new modeling study in The Lancet say it provides the strongest evidence yet of the damage that climate change could have on global food production and public health.

They predict it will kill 500,000 extra people in 2050.

The researchers warn that unless we cut global emissions, climate change personal effects on agriculture will reduce foreseen increases in food handiness and result in lower consumption of fruits and vegetables.

One of the most important consequences of climate change could be its personal effects on agriculture. It is expected to reduce the quantity of food harvested, which could lead to higher food prices and reduced consumption.

However, there is besides some other side to the picture; climate change can alter agricultural production and regional food handiness, which affects diet and body weight in a different way - by ever-changing what people eat.

Imbalanced diets, not feeding enough vegetables and fruits, feeding too much red meat, being corpulent and overweight - these risk factors have not yet been coupled to significant numbers of deaths worldwide.

The new study - which examines this side of the picture - suggests by the middle of the century, reduced fruit and vegetable intake consequent from the effect of climate change on agriculture will be responsible for doubly as galore deaths as undernutrition.

The researchers say the biggest effect will be felt in China and India, who will suffer three living quarters of all climate-related deaths due to altered food production.

Health personal effects of climate-induced changes in agricultural production

Study leader Dr. Marco Springmann, of the University of Oxford in the UK, says their model takes a different approach to examining the effect of climate change on food and health, and notes:

"Much research has looked at food security, but little has focused on the wider health personal effects of agricultural production."

He explains that when food handiness changes, so does what people eat, and this, in turn, affects risk factors for diet and weight-related illnesss, so much as heart illness, stroke and cancer.

The study is the first of its kind to assess the impact of climate change on diet composition and body weight and how this mightiness affect the number of deaths in 155 countries in 2050.

Dr. Springmann says their results show that even slight reductions in the food available per person could change the calories and food they eat, with major implications for health.

He and his colleagues warn that unless we cut global emissions, climate change will reduce the otherwise foreseen increases in food handiness by around a third by 2050.

This will result in an average per person decrease in consumption of 3.2% (99 kcal per day), with a decrease of 4.0% (14.9 g per day) in intake of fruits and vegetables and a 0.7% (0.5 g per day) reduction in intake of red meat.

Increase in deaths due to heart illness, stroke and cancer

The effect of these changes in food consumption, when processed through the model, means there could be around 529,000 extra deaths in 2050. This compares with 1.9 million lives that could be saved if climate change did not erode the projected increase in food handiness.

For their study, Dr. Springmann and colleagues used an economic agricultural model to assess the effect of foreseen tax of emissions, population changes and climate responses on global production, trade and consumption of food.

From this, they worked out how these changes mightiness impact numbers of deaths due to coronary heart illness, stroke, cancer and other causes that are coupled to diet and body weight health risks.

They asked the model to calculate figures based on a middle-of-the-road development scenario and four different climate change scenarios (high emission, two medium emission and one low emission) and compare them to a world without climate change.

The model predicts that reductions in fruit and vegetable intake could lead to 534,000 climate-related deaths. This figure is much larger than the 29,000 lives that could be saved by cutting red meat consumption.

The researchers besides note that climate change could reduce fleshiness and thus have a positive effect by reducing deaths, but the model shows any gains here would be offset by increases in deaths due to people being underweight.

'Bigger effect than other estimates'

Dr. Springmann and colleagues conclude that the effect of climate change on health - as a result of changes to diet and body weight - could be substantial, and be larger than other estimates of climate-related health impacts.

They say cutting emissions could have substantial benefits, reducing the number of deaths by up to 71%. besides, notes Dr. Springmann:

"Public-health programs aimed at preventing and trfeeding diet and weight-related risk factors, so much as increasing fruit and vegetable intake, must be reinforced as a matter of priority to help mitigate climate-related health personal effects."

In an attendant article, Dr. Alistair Woodward, of the University of Auckland in New Zealand, and professor. John Porter, of the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, conclude:

"Springmann and colleagues have affected the climate and food debate in a necessary direction by highlight some food and nutritionary security, but a mountain of policy-relevant questions remain that require close scrutiny."

In December 2015, Medical News Today learned of an absorbing twist to the debate about the link between climate change and diet, where researchers propose that possibly a eater diet may contribute to climate change. The team - from Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania - suggests overwhelming more fruits, vegetables, dairy farm and food could be harmful to the environment.

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Agricultural impact of climate change 'could kill over 500,000 people in 2050'
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