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Prefixes & Sufixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Definition
vas-

(L., vessel), vas deferens , vessel to transmit male sex cells.

ventr-

(Gr., belly), ventral , pertaining to the lower or belly side.

xantho-

(Gr., xanthos, yellow) : eg. xanthophyll, yellowpigment.

xen-, xeno-

(Gr., xen-strange-different)

xero-

(Gr., xeros-dry) e.g. xerophyte e.g. climatic plant

xiphi-

(Gr., xiphos, a sword) : e.g. xiphiosura, king crabs the hind part bearing a long tail spine

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