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Prefixes & Sufixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Definition
-mere

(Gr., part), micromere , small part.

-oid

(Gr., like), amoeboid ( amoeboid ), like an Amoeba.

-oma

(Gr., swelling or tumor), carcinoma , malignant growth (cancer).

-phil!

(Or., loving), thermophile , heat-loving organism.

-phyll

(Or., leaf), mesophyll , middle part of a leaf.

-phyte

(Or., plant), sporophyte , spore-bearing plant.

-pkism

(Or., formed), ectoplasm , outer region of the cell cytoplasm.

-porous

(Or., foot), octopus , animal with eight feet or appendages.

-ptero

(Or., wing), Diptera , order of insect with two wings.

-sare

(Or., flesh), ectosarc , outer flesh or layer of protoplasm.

-scope

(Or., see) microscope , instrument enabling one to see minute ‘objects.

-see!

(I. ., to cut), dissect , to cut.

-semi-

(L., half), semicircle , half of a circle.

-thec

(Gr., case), spermatheca , sperm-case.

-tome

(Gr., to cut), microtome , instrument to cut small sections.

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