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Prefixes & Sufixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Definition
equi-

(L., horse), Equisetineae , class to which the horsetails belong.

eu-

(Gr., good or well), eugenic , being fitted for the production of good offspring.

ex-

(Gr., external), exoskeleton , external skeleton.

extra-

(L., beyond), extracellular , beyond or outside the cell.

flex-

(L,. bend), flexor , muscle that bends joints.

flu-

(L., thread), filiform , thread-like.

gam-

(Gr., marriage), gamete , reproductive cell.

gastr-

(Gr., stomach), gastric , pertaining to the stomach.

geo-

(Gr., earth), geology , science of the earth.

glyc-

(Gr., sweet or carbohydrate), glycogen animal starch.

gono-

(Gr., seed or reproduction), gonad , organ of reproduction.

gymn-

(Gr., naked), gymnosperm, class of seed plants whose seeds are not enclosed in an ovary.

haem-

(Gr., blood), haemoglobin, (haemoglobin), substance in the blood.

hemi-

(Gr., half), hemisphere , one half of a sphere.

hepat-

(Gr., liver), hepatic, pertaining to the liver.

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