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Prefixes & Sufixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Definition
-ase

(suffix designating an enzyme), protease enzyme that acts on proteins.

-carp

(Gr., fruit), pericarp , wall around the plant ovary.

-chondro

(Gr., green), mitochondria , small, granular parts of protoplasm.

-cide

(L., kill), insecticide , agent that kills insects.

-dont

(Gr., odontos, tooth) or Thecodont.

-ectorny

(Gr., cut), appendectomy , removal of the appendix.

-emia

(Gr., blood), anaemia, blood deficiency.

-fer

(L., to bear), Porifera , phylum comprising pore- bearing sponges.

-form

(L., shape), uniform , all one shape.

-gen

(Gr., to produce), pathogenic , capable of causing disease.

-gest

(Gr., to bear or hold), ingest, to take in.

-glea

(Gr., jelly), mesoglea, middle, jelly-like layer in certain animals.

-itis

(Gr., inflammation), appendicitis, inflammation of the appendix.

-lemma

(Gr., covering), neurilemma , covering of a nerve.

-log

(Gr., study), zoology , study of animals.

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