Prefixes & Suffixes

The following list is by no means complete, but it may help in understanding some difficult terminology. The following abbreviations are used ; Gr., for the Greek ; L., for the Latin.
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Term Main definition

(Gr., xanthos, yellow) : eg. xanthophyll, yellowpigment.

xen-, xeno-

(Gr., xen-strange-different)


(Gr., xeros-dry) e.g. xerophyte e.g. climatic plant


(Gr., xiphos, a sword) : e.g. xiphiosura, king crabs the hind part bearing a long tail spine