Advertisement

Glossary

BioScience.com.pk try the best to avoid the use of medical terms that could make it more difficult to understand the information on this website. Still, there are a number of terms that can't be avoided and that are useful to know because they are so often used by the doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals with whom you might speak. The list below includes the terms used on BioScience.com.pk for which we have provided definitions.

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)
Term Definition
Diuretic

Drug that promotes the production and excretion of urine in order to remove excess fluid from the body in, for example, conditions such as congestive heart failure or hypertension

Diverticulosis

A condition characterized by having pouches (diverticulum) that poke through parts of the colon

DNA

Also known as: Deoxyribonucleic acid

The unique genetic code found in all living cells (bacteria, viruses, parasites, plants, and animals).

Dominant gene

One of a pair of genes whose action is expressed even when only one copy is present

Doping

The use of substances or procedures to improve athletic performance and give an athlete an unfair advantage over other competitors.

Double contrast barium enema

Also known as: DCBE

Series of x-rays of the colon and rectum; patient is given an enema with a white, chalky solution that outlines the colon and rectum on the x-rays.

DRE

Also known as: Digital Rectal Exam
Part of a physical examination performed in order to examine nearby structures (e.g., the prostate in men)

Dumping syndrome

Symptoms such as nausea, cramping, sweating, and weakness that may occur when the stomach contents are emptied rapidly into the small intestine before being digested; may occur in patients who have had gastric resections or bypass surgery

Duodenum

first part of the small intestine that receives digesting material from the stomach

Dysfibrinogenemia

The production of abnormal fibrinogen

Dyslipidemia

Unhealthy lipid levels

Dyspnea

Shortness of breath; labored breathing

Dystonia

Persistent muscle contractions that can cause limb twisting and repetitive motions

E. coli

A species of bacteria that normally resides in the gastrointestinal tract as harmless normal flora; these rod-shaped bacteria commonly cause urinary tract infections, and some strains produce toxins that cause diarrheal disease.

Echocardiography

Diagnostic procedure using ultrasound waves to study the heart, its structure and motions; images from this procedure are called echocardiograms.

Dictionary: