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Saturday, 23 April 2016 13:06

Acetylcholine Receptor (AChR) Antibody

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An acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody test is used to help diagnose myasthenia gravis (MG) and to distinguish it from other conditions that may cause similar symptoms, such as chronic muscle…
Thursday, 28 April 2016 21:18

Serum Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE)

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Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure. An increased blood level of ACE is sometimes found in sarcoidosis, a systemic disorder of unknown cause that often…
Thursday, 28 April 2016 21:55

Cholinesterase Tests

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Cholinesterase testing has two main uses: It can be used to detect and diagnose organophosphate pesticide exposure and/or poisoning. It may also be used to monitor those who may be…
Tuesday, 27 September 2016 13:49

Neutrophil disorders and their management

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Neutrophil disorders are an uncommon yet important cause of morbidity and mortality in infants and children. This article is an overview of these conditions, with emphasis on clinical recognition, rational…
In what could be a major step forward in our understanding of how cancer moves around the body, researchers have observed the spread of cancer cells from the initial tumour…
Monday, 17 October 2016 10:41

Status of laboratory testing for HIV

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Two years have passed since the CDC finally published guidelines addressing HIV laboratory testing and officially endorsed the “new” HIV laboratory testing algorithm. Although many had become aware of the…
Tuesday, 18 October 2016 11:17

How do you die from multiple myeloma?

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Multiple Myeloma: Early Death Common and Preventable Improved survival among patients with multiple myeloma is one of the most impressive cancer treatment success stories in recent years. A decade ago,…
Tuesday, 18 October 2016 21:28

Blood Eosinophil Level Predicts Severity of Asthma

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Asthma represents a significant clinical and economic burden to the US healthcare system. Along with other clinical manifestations of the disease, elevated sputum and blood eosinophil levels are observed in…
Saturday, 15 July 2017 11:00


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The major cells of the immune system are lymphocytes. Lymphocytes that are critical for immune reactions are of two types namely B-cells and T-cells. Both cells develop from stem cells…