We are prompted by the International Women's Day to celebrate women and womanhood. Nevertheless, recent research suggests that women, including receiving appropriate medical care, may face more than their fair share of challenges. What are some of these challenges, and why are they happening? Why are women still struggling to get the right diagnosis? Women have played a vital role in enhancing cross-clinical fields of medical care.
Figures such as Dorothea Dix, who helped change the face of mental health care, Rosalind Franklin, who helped discover the structure of human DNA, and Dr. Virginia Apgar, who put together evaluation criteria evaluating the health status of newborn infants, revolutionized medicine. Despite this, in medical settings, women and girls continue to face challenges and discrimination across the world.
Stomach pain is a common complaint in children and adults. The upper stomach houses several vital structures, including the upper intestines, bladder, liver, and exocrine gland. piece galore issues responsible for upper stomach pain, so much as gas or a stomach virus, are not cause for concern, others may require medical treatment.
Your heart is your biggest strength when it's stronger it can help you in leading a fulfilling and experiential life. However, an unhealthy heart wouldn't let you enjoy the simple pleasures of life. Therefore it has become extremely essential to lead a healthy life with a healthier heart.
A single whole blood donation can be separated into different components to provide treatment to more than one patient. One unit of whole blood can be broken down into one unit of packed red cells, one unit of platelets, and one unit of fresh frozen plasma/cryoprecipitate. This practice avoids wastage of collected whole blood (each component is stored at a temperature that is optimal for that component), allows administration of specific replacement therapy, and also avoids transfusion of unnecessary blood elements that are not required by the patient.
The organisms likely to be transmitted by transfusion are usually those, which are prevalent in a particular geographic area or population.
Blood transfusion is a life-saving procedure in an appropriate setting and there are no side-effects in the majority of cases. However, it is a potentially harmful procedure and every recipient of transfusion is at risk of an adverse reaction. It should be prescribed only if there is a definite clinical indication. This is because even with best possible blood banking standards, transmission of infections or other complications can occur.
Graying or whitening of hair is a natural process and as the man ages, the capability to synthesize the normal amount of melanin pigment declines this ultimately results in grey or whitening of hair. Melanin is a pigment produced by the cells of hair follicles which are small sacs that line skin cells. These cells give your hair its color. But as the man ages, hair follicles can lose pigment, resulting in gray or white hair.
Insulin is the major hormone regulating blood glucose level. Insulin is synthesized by β cells of pancreas as preproinsulin, which is rapidly converted to proinsulin. Proinsulin is a single chain polypeptide. In the Golgi apparatus, proinsulin is broken down into 2 units- insulin (51 amino acids) and C (connecting)-polypeptide (31 amino acids) (Figure 1192.1).
Detection of a fake or adulterated urine sample is necessary before going to the further process of urine testing in the laboratory. Urine adulteration causes false-positive and false-negative results. However, most attempts of a fake or adulteration in a urine sample can be detected either by a trained collection site personnel or by a laboratory technician during the testing process. Coordination and cooperation between the collection site and the testing laboratory provide effective and reliable test results. There are some methods by which fake or adulterated urine can easily identify.