Myocardial cell necrosis leads to membrane damage and leakage of cell contents into the bloodstream. This forms the basis for the measurement of biochemical markers of myocardial injury in blood.
It is a clear, colorless fluid formed in the ventricles of the brain mainly by choroid plexus (an interlaced structure or meshwork of tiny small blood vessels in the lateral third and fourth ventricles). It is mainly an ultrafiltrate of plasma.
Waste products excreted from the digestive tract are composed of water (up to 75%), indigestible residue, undigested food, food which is digested but not absorbed, bile, epithelial cells, secretions from the digestive tract, inorganic material, and bacteria. The normal amount of feces in an adult is 100-200 grams per day. Examination of feces is helpful in the investigation of diseases…
Collection of sample This test is performed with the patient's serum. There is no restriction for a fasting sample. The test can be done by a random blood sample the patient. About 3 to 5 ml of blood is collected in a plain test tube, and blood is allowed to clot to get clear serum. In infants, the sample may…
Why is this test performed? This test is performed for the diagnosis and differentiation of jaundice. This test is also done in a patient with hemolytic anemia in adult and newborn. This test is very useful to evaluate liver functions and for the follow-up of a patient with treatment. Collection of sample This test is performed with the patient's serum.…
Why is this test performed? This test is evaluated in different conditions and diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, liver diseases, kidney diseases, in a patient suspected of malnutrition, and patients severe burn. See also: Procedures for the collection of blood for hemotological investigations. Collection of sample For the estimation of serum albumin, patient's serum is needed. A random blood sample…

EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM

Sputum examination refers to the laboratory examination or test of the material or substance coughed out from the lungs, bronchi, trachea, and larynx. Normally, sputum is mainly composed of mucus and also certain cellular and non-cellular components of host origin. During expectoration, sputum gets contaminated with normal bacterial flora and cells from pharynx and mouth.

EXAMINATION OF STOOL

Waste products discharged from the digestive tract are composed of up to 75% water, food which is digested but not absorbed, indigestible residue, undigested food, epithelial cells, bile, bacteria, secretion from the digestive tract and inorganic bacteria. Normally an adult human excretes 100-200 grams of feces in a day. Examination of stool is very helpful in the diagnosis of disease…
Leukemia is a malignant clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by the rapid increase in the number of blast cells in the bone marrow and rapidly progressive fatal course if untreated. Acute leukemia (AL) are primary disorders of the bone marrow, also known as blood cancer.
Why are these tests performed? These tests are performed for the diagnosis of bleeding disorders. APTT is performed to distinguished the functionality of the clotting factors I, II, V, VII, IX, X, XI, and XII. APTT is used to check the treatment of the patient taking heparin or other medicine for blood thinning. See: Role of laboratory tests is bleeding…
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